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Employees’ Organizational Citizenship Behaviour: The Roles of Religiosity and Morale Among Public and Private Sector Employees in South-East Nigeria

Over the years, researchers have studied different variables that influence organizational citizenship behavior of employees. However, very few of such studies have looked at the influence of religiosity and morale on organizational citizenship behavior especially in South-East, Nigeria. This study therefore examined the influence of religiosity and morale on organizational citizenship behavior of employees in public and private sector organizations in South-East, Nigeria. A sample of 500 employees constituted the subjects of study selected through stratified random sampling technique. Religiosity, morale and organizational citizenship behavior of employees were measured with standardized scales while 3 hypotheses postulated were analyzed with multiple regression analysis and correlation matrix at 0.05 level of significance. Findings reveal that 74.7% of the variance in organizational citizenship behavior were accounted for by religiosity and morale showing that religiosity and morale jointly contributed to employees’ citizenship behaviours (F(2,488) = 725.529, p <.05). Specifically religiosity (β =.536, t = 13.437, p <.05) contributed more to the prediction of organizational citizenship behaviour than morale (β =.362, t = 8.487, p <.05). Finally, there were significant positive relationships among the variables of study with the strongest relationship found between religiosity and morale (r =.847, p <.05), followed by religiosity and organizational citizenship behaviour (r =.843, p <.05) and lastly between morale and organizational citizenship behaviour (r =.847, p <.05). These findings stress the important role of religiosity and morale on the citizenship behavior of employees. Implications of these findings are also discussed.

Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Religiosity, Morale, Employees

Ngozi Caroline Uwannah, Anelechi Onyemeze Uwannah. (2023). Employees’ Organizational Citizenship Behaviour: The Roles of Religiosity and Morale Among Public and Private Sector Employees in South-East Nigeria. American Journal of Applied Psychology, 12(4), 103-110.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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